Cradle cap

Cradle cap is a skin condition which affects around 10% of babies and usually appears within the first three months of the infant’s life. Scales and crusts which are yellow to red are formed on the scalp and may spread to the nape of the neck or even the face. The crusts resemble burnt milk; this is where the term milk scurf comes from.

As a general rule, cradle cap is harmless. Treatment is advisable especially when the liquid underneath the scales accumulates, causing severe itching, often combined with an unpleasant smell. Treatment prevents scratching and therefore injury to the skin and resulting infection.

How is Loyon applied?

APPLY LOYON® ONTO YOUR BABY’S DRY SCALP AND GENTLY MASSAGE IN.

LOYON® is suitable for lifting the crusts by massaging it gently into the baby’s or toddler‘s scalp. LOYON® has liquid consistency which makes it easy to spread even on very rough and scaly skin. The liquid doesn’t sting or stick when applied, it is odourless and colourless, and leaves a pleasant feeling on the skin.

DEPENDING ON SIZE OF THE AFFECTED AREA, USE THE PIPETTE OR THE SPRAY NOZZLE TO APPLY THE LIQUID.

Both pipette and spray nozzle can be easily screwed on to the bottle and used as needed. The pipette allows for application specifically to smaller areas of scaly skin, and the spray nozzle is especially suited to cover the entire scalp quickly and efficiently.

LEAVE ON THE SKIN FOR 3 HOURS OR LONGER, E.G. OVERNIGHT.

LOYON® is very efficient, therefore we do advise that you start off by applying only a small amount. The liquid is absorbed very quickly, leaving no residues after only few minutes. For good effect, leave LOYON® on skin for at least three hours. It can also be applied prior bedtime and left overnight.

WASH THE SCALP OFF WITH A MILD BABY SHAMPOO.


REPEAT APPLICATION AS DESIRED.

LOYON® can be applied as often as required. Besides being safe to use on infants, It can also be used by pregnant women or elderly patients with kidney or liver damage. Applying LOYON® daily for one week should show improvement on the affected scalp.

Frequently asked questions

1What is cradle cap?
Cradle cap is a skin condition which affects around 10% of newborns. Scales and crusts which are yellow to red in colour are formed on the scalp, face or nape of the neck. The affected skin resembles burnt milk; this is where the condition’s name (milk scurf) is derived from. In around half of the cases, the condition clears on its own after a while. However, cradle cap can persist for years and may be a first sign of eczema. Strong itching and an unpleasant smell can lead to this generally harmless condition becoming a burden. Currently, several causes of cradle cap are in discussion. Genetics seems to play a role, but allergies, maternal hormones and yeast infections (Candida albicans, Malassezia furfur) are also considered as triggers.
2How do I treat cradle cap in my child?
Cradle cap is a skin condition which is harmless as such. However, treatment is advisable if severe itching and frequent scratching occur, in order to prevent injury to the skin and resulting inflammation. On weeping patches, creams which are free of active ingredients can be applied. To lift the crusts, LOYON®, oils or oil-based preparations are suitable. These are lightly massaged into the scalp at night and washed off with a mild shampoo in the next morning. Generally, fragrance- and soap-free skin care products should be used. Click here to download the paper "Effect of Olive and Sunflower Seed Oil on the Adult Skin Barrier: Implications for Neonatal Skin Care".
3Why do scaly skin disorders such as cradle cap develop?
Scaly skin disorders can have many causes which are not always obvious. Dehydration or lack of lipids in the skin may worsen the problem, but genetics are also believed to play a role. Other triggers could be allergies, maternal hormones and yeast infections (Candida albicans, Malassezia furfur).
4How do scales form?
The skin's surface is composed of stem cells (keratinocytes) which divide every 28 days throughout their life span. These cells migrate through the different layers of the epidermis to the surface. During this process the cells lose their nucleus as well as their cohesion to neighbouring cells. At the end of their journey, these cells are shed off as ‘dead horn cells’ (corneocytes), or scales.
5My baby's scalp looks red after using LOYON®. Should I be worried?
You may notice redness on your baby’s skin after using LOYON® but don’t worry, it should gradually fade. Mild redness was noted on most of the babies during a clinical trial to test the efficacy and safety of LOYON® Baby; this was considered to be caused by the removal the scales exposing new, red skin rather than due to any irritation caused by the lotion. Of course, if your baby seems to be irritated or if you have concerns about the severity of the redness, you should discontinue use of LOYON®.